Q 1).Is Field Demarcation of Land necessary before buying and Registering Land?
Yes, before buying Land in any Sy. No in any Village, it is recommended that the Land in question is surveyed, since it gives the exact measurement. It will be entered in the Registered Document and the buyer would not be put to monetary Loss.
Q 2).What is the Fees to be paid when a Private Party applies for Demarcation of Field Boundaries in Villages?
The fees prescribed for demarcation upto 4 Sy Nos irrespective of extent is Rs 100/-. It should be remitted in any nearest SBH Branch,/Sub-Treasury Office, under the following Head of Account.
Q 3).What is the Fees to be paid when a Private Party applies for Appeal on Demarcation of Field Boundaries in Villages?
For all appeals the Fee and the Head of Account is same as above.
Q 4).How to apply for Copy of Panchanama after the demarcation of the Field ?
On completion of demarcation the applicant may get copy of the Panchanama conducted by representing on a paper with required Stamp fee of about Rs 2/-, before the concerned MRO/AD as the case may be.They also have to supply Folio papers.
Q 5).What are the Documents that have to be enclosed when a Private Party applies for Demarcation of Field Boundaries in Villages?
The applicant Land Holders/Pattedars intending to get their Lands demarcated have to file an application for demarcation before the M.R.O concerned along with the following papers.
The Certified Copy of the Sy. No. for which demarcation is required. This copy should be issued by the M.R.O and should be for the current year. or Attested copy of the Pattedar Pass Book. or Attested Copy of the Registered Sale Deed.
Q 6).What are the Documents that have to be enclosed when a Private Party applies for Appeal on Demarcation of Field Boundaries in Villages?
When a Private Party applies for Appeal on Demarcation of Field Boundaries in Villages the following documents have to be submitted :
Q 7).To whom should the Private Parties apply for demarcation of Field Boundaries in Villages? To whom should they apply in case of appeal?
The Private Parties should apply before the concerned M.R.O and the Mandal Surveyor would do the work. The details & the provision of appeals is given in the Circular Rc.No. N1/6543/99, Dated. 25-7-2001 issued by Spl Commissioner and Director Survey, Settlements and Land Records. Office of the The Circular is given below for ready Reference
Sub:- Demarcation - Demarcation of lands in the petitions filed by the private parties - Entertaining of petitions - Instructions issued - Reg. Ref: - Board Standing Orders 34 - A. Para 20.
Q 8).How to apply for certified copies of public documents / survey records in Districts?
The Parties have to apply before the concerned M.R.O for F.M.B / Extract of village map. They have to apply before A.D.S& LRs of the concerned Dist. for Tippon / Extract of village map (Telengana Region).The fees will be same as for demarcation and the method is also same.
Q 9).How to apply for certified copies of T.S.L.R & Town Survey Sketches (Record of Measurements) ROM in Hyderabad ?
The parties have to approach the Office of DD, Hyd. for this purpose. Certified copies of Town Survey sketches (ROMs) and Town Survey Land Register are being issued to the private parties and other organisations on requisition. Following procedure is being followed for issue of certified copies of T.S.L.R and R.O.Ms.
Q 10).How to know whether a Sy No is a Govt. Land or Private Land or in which part of Sy. No. it exists in Hyderabad ?
Public have to approach DD, Hyd. office for issue of particulars in respect of their properties which are located in part of T.S.Nos and also to know whether their properties are located in private lands or in Government lands. In such cases the Surveyors of this office inspect the spot, identify the location of the properties on ground with reference to Town Survey records and issue memos informing that the particular property is located in part of particular T.S.No. Applicants are also informed about the classification of the T.S.No, as per the entries recorded in T.S.L.R.
Q 11).How to apply for Demarcation of boundaries in Hyderabad?
Public have to approach DD, Hyd. office for demarcation of the boundaries of T.S.Nos. In such cases also the procedure explained for above question will be followed. In these cases, the surveyor will issue notices to the neighbouring land holders before taking up demarcation of the boundaries of T.S.Nos, informing them the date of survey .Demarcation of the boundaries will be taken up in the presence of the applicant and the neighbouring land holders and after demarcation,the boundaries of the properties will be shown to them.He will also conduct panchanama in support of conducting survey and showing the boundaries of the properties to the applicant and others.
Q 12).How to get Certified Copy of Maps of different categories?
The certified copies of Village Maps/ Mandal Maps etc can be got from Dy Director, Central Survey Office, Narayanaguda, Hyderabad, by filing an application along with the cost of the map.The cost of the map is fixed by the Central Survey Office according to the size of the map and the cash can be remitted in the Cash Counter of Central Survey Office. The present cost of AO size map is Rs. 200/-
Q 13).Will boundaries be fixed for whole numbers only or boundaries for part numbers will also be fixed ?
In the Telangana area field boundaries of whole numbers only would be surveyed and fixed.In Andhra area the field boundaries of whole numbers and part numbers also woud be surveyed and fixed.
The Andhra Pradesh Survey & Boundary Act 1923 was extended to Telengana Region with effect from 1-8-1959 by A.P.Survey and Boundaries (Extension & Amendment) Act 1958. After extension of A.P. Survey & Boundaries Act 1923 certain doubts are being entertained regarding the scope and applicability of Section 87 of A.P. (TA) Land Revenue Act 1317 F pertaining to rectification of Survey and Settlement errors. The matter has been thoroughly examined and the clarifications regarding the doubts being entertained are enumerated as below:
Q i). With the extension of A.P. Survey & Boundaries Act 1923 to Telengana Region by extension and Amendment Act 1958, whether Section 87 of Land Revenue Act 1317F is still applicable in Telengana Region for rectification of Survey and Settlement errors ?
Clarification: Even though Survey and Boundary Act 1923 is extended to Telengana Region, provisions of Section 87 of Land Revenue Act 1317F are still applicable for rectification of Survey and Settlement errors where survey and settlement records are built up and announced under Land Revenue Act 1317F.
Q ii). If settlement rates were introduced after 1-8-1959 based on survey which was done under the Provision of Land Revenue Act 1317F, in section 87 is still applicable to such villages for entertaining rectification of survey and settlement errors ?
Clarification: When survey was done under the provisions of Land Revenue Act 1317F even though announcement was made after 1-8-59 under the provision of Land Revenue Act 1317F, the provisions of section 87 of Land Revenue Act 1317F are applicable for entertaining requests for rectification of survey and settlements errors.
Q iii). Who should condone the delay after two years, after introduction of settlement rates Collector (DRO) or Commissioner of Survey, Settlement and Land Records.?
Clarification: The District Revenue Officer alone is competent to entertain belated petitions after expiry of statutory period of two years, provided reasonable cause is shown by the petitioners for delay and the error is other than clerical error. Where error is other than clerical error District Revenue Officer is competent only for condonation of delay of belated petitions and not competent to carryout correction in settlement records without the approval of Commissioner of Survey, Settlements and Land Records. The District Revenue Officer has to send necessary proposals to Commissioner of Survey, Settlement and Land Records for carrying out corrections duly examining the merits of the case including Technical scrutiny. The Commissioner S&LRs is competent to dispose of the case under Section 87-A of Land Revenue Act 1317F.
Q iv). Is there any time limit for entertaining clerical errors and also who is competent to entertain clerical errors ?
Clarification: There is no time limit for entertaining clerical errors, and District Revenue Officer is competent to entertain clerical errors. The time limit is prescribed only for errors other than clerical errors. For rectification of errors other than clerical errors condonation of delay is required, for which District Revenue Officer alone is competent. However, the District Revenue Officer is not competent to carryout correction other than clerical errors without the approval of the Commissioner Ss&LRs.
Q v). Distinction between clerical errors and errors other than clerical errors ?
Clarification: Section 87 of Land Revenue Act 1317F does not provide for definition of clerical errors and errors other than clerical errors. The clerical errors are minor errors which do not involve alteration in area, change of classification, or change of name of the pattadar. A few examples of errors which come under the category of clerical errors are furnished below: a) Name of the Pattadar misspelt. b) Inter-change of survey number. c) Survey No. missing in the survey map d) Area is calculated wrongly though measurement on ground and records support the correct area. Since the definition of clerical error and errors other than clerical is not there in the act, it is not proper to leave it to judgment of Asst. Director Survey and Land Records whether particular survey error falls under the category of clerical error or error other than clerical error. Therefore, the Asst. Director Survey and Land Records, shall send detailed technical report to Director, Settlements, Survey and Land Records, regarding proposed error. This is purely a technical and non-statutory function. The report so sent shall be examined at Directorate whether the error falls under the category of clerical error or error other than clerical error and the fact will be communicated to Asst. Director, S&LRs. On obtaining clearance from the Directorate, the Asst. Director shall send the file to District Revenue Officer to dispose of the case at District Revenue Officer's level under Section 87 of Land Revenue Act, if the error is a clerical error. If the error is other than clerical error, the District Revenue Officer shall send proposals to Commissioner , S&LRs duly condoning the delay as per rules for disposal of the case by Commissioner, Survey, Settlements and Land records, under Section 87-A of Land Revenue Act 1317F.
Q vi). When survey is done under provisions of Survey and Boundaries Act whether Section 87 of Land Revenue Act 1317F is applicable for rectification of Survey and Settlements records.
Clarification: When survey is done under Survey and Boundaries Act 1923 Section 87 of Land Rev enue Act 1317F is not applicable for rectification of errors in Survey and Settlements records. The errors are to be rectified under the provisions of BSO 34 B-10 only.
Q 14).What is Agency Survey?
Clarification: The scheme of surveying the unsurveyed tracts in Tribal areas of the State and preparing uptodate basic land records has been taken as a State Plan scheme by the Govt. of A.P during the VII Plan period as a part of Integrated Tribal Development Programme aimed at general socio-economic development of Tribals in the State.The scheme had commenced in 1986-1987 and continued upto 1996-97. The agency area sub-division work done by special Survey units from 1986-87 to 1996-97 is as under
Q 15).For surveying Gram Sachivalayas/ Municipal Councils/ Municipalities should any fees be paid?
Clarification: Gram Sachivalayas/ Municipal Councils/ Municipalities may remit their share of 1/3rd or 2/3rd share of survey charges to Government in advance so that the survey can be taken-up. (Municipalities have to bear 2/3rd cost and Gram Panchayats 1/3rd cost
The Andhra Pradesh(Andhra Area) Estates (Abolition and Conversion into Ryootqwari) ACT, 1948:
Q 1).What is the object of the abolition of Estates in Andhra Area?
Ans:To eliminate the intermediaries between the Government and the ryots and also to improve the Socio Economic Status of the people of the Region/Area.
Q 2).When the A.P. (AA) Estates (Abolition & Conversion into Ryotwari) Act, 1948 came into force and what is the effect of abolition of an Estate?
Ans: I) This Act came into force w.e.f. 19-4-1949. ii) The effect of abolition of an estate is that the entire estate shall stand transferred and vested in the Government free of all encumbrances. It envisages acquisition of the rights of landholders and introduction of ryotwari settlement in such estates. iii) Every ryot who acquired occupancy rights (Kudivaram) prior to 1-7-1945 in respect of ryoti lands shall be entitled to a ryotwari patta U/s. 11(a) of the Act. iv) Similarly the Estatedar is entitled to a ryotwari patta for the private lands, which are under his personal cultivation prior to 1-7-1939 under Sec. 15 read with sections 12 to 14 of the Act.
Q 3).Under what provision estate will be taken over?
Ans: Under Section 1(4) of the E.A. Act, 1948 any Inam Estate, Zamin Estate or Under-Tenure estate will be taken over by Government.
Q 4).Will there be survey after taking over the Estate?
Ans: Yes, the entire estate will be surveyed as per Survey & Boundaries Act, 1923 vide Sec.21 of the E.A. Act, 1948.
Q 5).What will be the process after survey is completed?
Ans: During the course of survey, Survey Officer prepares the Survey Land Register containing the details of the present enjoyer and also prepares the Classification Register showing the present Survey number and classification as fixed by the Survey staff. On receipt of the above survey records, the Settlement authorities will issue Settlement Notification Under Sec.22 of the E.A. Act embodying the principles to be effected for taking up of Settlement of the area i.e. grant of patta etc.
Q 6).Who will grant ryotwari patta?
Ans: The Settlement Officer (original authority) will grant ryotwari patta either on application or suo motu based on records prepared by subordinate staff. After abolition of the posts of Settlement Officers w.e.f. 30-9-1990, the Joint Collectors in Andhra Region were appointed as Settlement Officers.
Q 7).What are the relevant sections of the Act for grant of ryotwari patta?
Ans: Sec.11(a): Grant of ryhotwari patta to a ryot inducted prior to 1-7-1945. Sec.11(pro): Grant of ryotwari patta to ryots inducted subsequent to 1-7-1945. Sec.11(b): Grant of patta to all lanka lands, on occupation of the ryot or his predecessor continuously since 1-7-1939. Sec.12 to 14 & 15: Grant of ryotwari patta to landholder or Zamindar for personal cultivation. Possession to be proved since 1-7-1939. Sec.17: Grant of ryotwari patta to service tenure lands. Sec.56: A dispute between two claimants is to be decided as to who is lawful ryot. Sec.63: To decide whether the land is Forest or not.
Q 8).What is the time limit required for filing the claim petitions before the Settlement Officer for grant of ryotwari patta?
Ans: Claim petitions can be filed before the Settlement Officer after notified date (taking over of the Estate) of the estate but before the ryotwari settlement is effected under Sec.22 of the Act. If the ryotwari settlement has already been effected in the village, claims can be filed within 30 days from the date of issuance of ryowari patta Rules, 1974 in G.O.Ms.no.50, Revenue (J) Dept., dt.16-1-1974.
Q 9).What are the conditions to be satisfied under E.A. Act, 1948 for grant of ryotwari patta?
Ans: i) Land should be ryoti land; ii) Land must be held under landholder on condition of payment of rent.Claimant should hold a patta: iii) Claimant should hold the land for agriculture purpose only; iv) Claimant should have been lawfully inducted into possession of the land prior to 1-7-45 and continuously be in possession on notified date.
Q 10). Who are the Appellate Authorities?
Ans: Against the orders of the Settlement Officer, Revision lies to the Director of Settlements and further revision against the orders of Director of Settlements lies to Commissioner Appeals whose orders are final under Sec.11 (a).
Q 11). Is there any Compensation payable to the landholder in lieu of the estate taken over by the Government?
Ans: Yes, after completion of Settlement operations, compensation will be paid to the landholder in accordance with Sec.39 of the E.A. Act ,Tasdic Allowance will be paid perpetually to the Institutions.
Q 1).What is meant by Jagir?
Ans: Jagir is a free grant given by Ruler to the Feudal Lords in consideration of their work done in favour of the Ruler.
Q 2). Under what Law the Jagirs were abolished?
Ans: Previously there were 967 Jagirs in the erstwhile Hyderabad State. All these Jagirs were abolished under the Hyderabad (Abolition of Jagirs) Regulation 1358 Fasli.
Q 3). What are the main objects in abolition of Jagirs?
Ans: The main object of abolition of Jagirs is to upgrade the Social Status of the agriculturists on par with those of other parts of Andhra Pradesh and to develop the economic and social conditions of the under-developed area which was under the control of His Excellency the Nizam of Hyderabad.
Q 4). What is the Compensation to be given to the Jagirdari and their Jagirs were taken over by the Government?
Ans: The compensation was paid in the shape of commutation sum to the Jagirdars under Jagir Commutation Regulation 1359 Fasli,in respect of Religious and Charitable Institutions, which were held by Jagirdars, the compensation will also be paid in the shape of Mahal-e-Shart.
Q 5). Is there is any provision for sanction of pension etc. to the Ex.-Jagir employees?
Ans: Under Hyderabad Jagir Employees Pension and Gratuity Rules, 1359 Fasli, the Ex. Jagir Employees and their Widows are paid the service pension and compassionate pension.
Q 6). Who is Appellate authority in respect of the commutation fixed by the Jagir Administrator i.e. Director of Settlements?
Ans: The Chief Commissioner of Land Administration is the competent authority to revise the commutation award passed by the Jagir Administrator.
The A.P.Scheeduled Areas Agency Regulations 1/69, 2/69 and 2/70:
Q 1).What are the objectives of Regulations 1/69, 2/69 and 2/70?
Ans: In order to uplift the Tribals of the Agency Areas, Survey & Settlement operations work under taken in the Agency Areas lying in Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, West Godavari, Nugur and Bhadrachalam taluks of Khammam district of Andhra Region. After coming into force of the A.P. Regulations 1/69, 2/69 and 2/70, three tenures viz., Malguzari, Muttadari and Estate prevailing in these areas have been converted into ryotwari and the system of intermediaries i.e. Mahaldar, Muttadar and Zamindar between the Government and tillers (ryots) were abolished. The details of the three Regulations are as follows:- i) Andhra Pradesh Mahals (Abolition and Conversion into Ryotwari) Regulation 1969 (A.P. Regulation 1/69):- This Regulation was made for abolition of Mahals in the scheduled areas of Nugur, Albaka and Cherla in Khammam district and conversion thereof into ryotwari lands. It came into force w.e.f. 26-12-1970. ii) Andhra Pradesh Muttas (Abolition and Conversion into Ryotwari) Regulation 1969 (A.P. Regulation 2/69): - This Regulation was made for abolition of Muttas in certain scheduled areas i.e. Paderu in Visakhapatnam district and Rampachodavaram in East Godavari district. It came into force w.e.f.26-12-1970. iii) Andhra Pradesh Scheduled Areas Ryotwari Settlement Regulation 1970 (A.P. Regulation 2/70):- This Regulation provides for ryotwari Settlement of certain lands in the scheduled areas in Andhra Area in respect of which no settlement has been effected i.e. part of Khammam, Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari and West Godavari districts. It came into force w.e.f.1-7-1971.
Q 2).What are the benefits of Survey, Settlement operations in Agency areas?
Ans: All the above Regulations are intended for the upliftment of Tribals and non-tribals who are living in the Agency Area. The following are main benefits of Survey and Settlement operations in the agency area: - i) The exact extent of lands held by each tribal ryot and their correct location will be known; ii) Individual land will be assessed to reasonable appropriate rates of assessment; iii) Ryotwari pattas will be issued to each individual tribal ryot for the lands declared to have been held by him and security of possession of lands gets ensured; iv) The grant of ryotwari patta will enable the tribals to get title over the land and thereby secure loans and other facilities by hypothecating their lands.
Q 3).What are the conditions for grant of patta under the above three Regulations?
Ans: The tribal ryot has to prove his continuous and lawful possession over the claim land for a period of one year immediately before the notified date: The non-tribal ryot has to prove his continuous possession for a period of (8) years immediately before the notified date. The non-tribal ryot has also to prove that his possession and occupation over the claim land was not void or illegal under A.P. Scheduled Areas Land Transfer Regulation 1959 (Regulation 1/59) or any other law for the time being in force.
Q 4).Who are the original authorities for grant of ryotwari pattas to ryots under Agency Regulations 1/69, 2/69 and 2/70?
Ans: Under Agency Regulations 1/69, 2/69 and 2/70 in Agency areas, Assistant Collector/Sub-Collector/Revenue Divisional Officers who are Settlement Officers are the original authorities for grant of ryotwari patta.
Q 5).What are the relevant sections of the Regulations for grant of patta by the Settlement Officer?
Ans: A.P. Regulation 1/69: Sec.8: Grant of ryotawari patta to the ryot as well as to the landholder; A.P.Regulation2/69: Sec.8: Grant of ryotwari patta to the ryots as well as to the landholder. A.P. Regulation 2/70: Sec.9 (1): Grant of ryowari patta to the ryots.
Q 6). Who are the appellate authorities under the above three Regulations?
Ans: Against the orders of the Assistant Collector/ Sub-Collector/Revenue Divisional Officer under A.P. Regulations 1/69 and 2/70, appeal lies to the Director of Settlements, whereas on the order of the Revenue Divisional Officer under Regulation 2/69, the appeal lies to the Joint Collector of concerned district i.e. Visakhapatnam and East Godavari Districts. Further, against the orders of the Director of Settlements under Regulations 1/69 and 2/70 and also against the orders of the Joint Collectors under Regulation 2/69 appeal lies to the Commissioner Appeals.