the organization of Revenue Department the apex body of administration
is the head office of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration
at State Level. But the core administration is carried out at Districts
that have direct interface with public. For administrative convenience
the District is divided into Sub Divisions, which are further divided
into Mandals that have jurisdiction over a few villages. The present
set up of revenue administration consists of the following hierarchy
at State Level
at District Level.
Officers at Revenue Divisional Level.
Revenue Officers at Mandal Level.
Secretaries at Village Level.
At the Mandal level the Mandal Development
Officer (MDO) takes care of the development activities.
on the abolition of the erstwhile Board of Revenue, the functional
Commissioners of Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Commissioner
of Land Reforms & Urban Land Ceiling were created. Subsequently
they were replaced. In their place, the post of Chief Commissioner
of Land Administration was created in GO
MS No: 59 Revenue (DA) Dated 21.01.1999.
Chief Commissioner of Land Administration (CCLA) is the chief controlling
authority for the revenue administration consisting of Revenue, Survey, Settlement & Land Records and
Urban Land Ceiling Departments. He exercises statutory functions
and general superintendence over all his subordinates. In the case
of Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Urban Land Ceiling
Departments he has a supervisory and statutory role. The concerned
Commissioner and the Special Officer deal the routine administration
respectively. He is the link between the Government and the administration.
He monitors and guides the District Collectors and advises the Government
in all the policy matters.
post of Commissioner Appeals is created to share some of the responsibilities
of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. Further one judicial
officer in the rank of Commissioner Legal Affairs has been newly
created to give his legal advice wherever necessary.
In carrying out the different functions 3 Principal Officers in
I.A.S Cadre .ie Secretary to CCLA, Joint Secretary to CCLA, AND
Project Director (CMRO) Project, assist the Chief Commissioner of
land Administration. In the year 2003 another Officer in the cadre
of IAS, designated as Special Commissioner was appointed to assist
the Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. So the subjects are
divided among these 4 Officers. Further 6 Assistant Secretaries
in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy Collectors and 6 Additional
Assistant Secretaries in the cadre of Deputy Collectors drawn from
Commissionerate services assist them. The Assistant Secretaries
are in charge of different subjects as per their work distribution.
Each Assistant Secretary/ Additional Assistant Secretary looks after
3 to 5 sections. A Superintendent heads each section. 4 to 6 Assistants
and a typist assist him.
The Collectorates play a pivotal role in the District administration.
There are 23
Collectorates in the State. A Collector in the Cadre
of I.A.S heads the District. He acts as the District Magistrate
for maintaining Law and Order in his jurisdiction. He deals mainly
with planning and development, law and order, scheduled areas/agency
areas, general elections, arms licensing etc.
The Joint Collector who also belongs to the I.A.S Cadre runs the
Revenue administration under various enactments in the District.
He is also designated as Additional District Magistrate. He mainly
deals with civil supplies, land matters, mines and minerals, village
District Revenue Officer (DRO) in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy
Collectors assists the Collector and Joint Collector in discharging
their duties. The District Revenue Officer looks after all the branches
of the Collectorate. He deals mainly with general administration
and is vested with supervision of day-to-day functions of the Collectorate.
administrative Officer in the rank of a Tahsildar is the general
assistant to the Collector. He directly supervises all the sections
in the Collectorate and most of the files are routed through him.
Collectorate is divided into 8 sections as per the administrative
reforms taken up by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. An alphabet
letter is given to each section for easy reference.
A: Deals with Establishment and Office Procedures.
B: Deals with Accounts and audit.
C: Deals with Magisterial (Court/Legal) matters.
D: Deals with Land Revenue and relief.
E: Deals with Land Administration.
F: Deals with Land Reforms.
G: Deals with Land Acquisition.
H: Deals with Protocol, Elections and Residuary work.
District is divided into Sub divisions for administrative convenience.
A Sub division is headed by a Revenue Divisional Officer in the
rank of a Deputy Collector or a Sub – Collector in Cadre of IAS.
He is the Sub Divisional Magistrate having jurisdiction over his
division. An administrative Officer in the Cadre of a Tahsildar
assists in administration. The Sub divisional Offices are a replica
of Collectorate in the matter of number of sections and they act
as intermediary in the administrative setup. There are 81
Pradesh. Each division consists of a few Mandals whose performance
is constantly monitored by the concerned Divisional Office.
There are 1128 Mandals in the state,
each Mandal having population ranging from 35,000 to 50,000 people.
The Mandals have been formed in Andhra Pradesh to bring administration
to the doorsteps of Citizens and make all the public services easily
available to them. Earlier the Taluks had huge jurisdiction and
were divided into Firkas. This 5 tier district administrative system
was unviable for delivering speedy Citizen Services. So against
305 Taluks and 1084 Firkas, 1106 Mandals were formed in 1985.
Subsequently 20 more Mandals were added at different intervals of
time. So at present we have a 4 tier district administrative set
up with the Mandal playing an important role in administration at
the grass root level. At present there are 1127 Mandals in Andhra Pradesh.
A gazetted Mandal Revenue
Officer (MRO) heads the Mandals. The MRO is vested with the same
powers and functions of Tahsildars of erstwhile Taluks including
magisterial powers. Mandal Revenue Officer heads the Mandal Revenue
Office. MRO provides the interface between the government and public
within his jurisdiction. He initiates welfare measures within his
jurisdiction. The MRO assists the higher authorities in collecting
information and conducting inquiries. He provides feedback to the
district administration that helps in decision-making at higher
levels of administration.
Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent, Mandal Revenue Inspector, Superintendent,
Mandal Surveyor, Assistant Statistical Officer and Other Ministerial
The Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent
the day today functions of MRO’s office and deals mainly with general
administration. Most of the files are routed through him. He monitors
all the sections in the MRO’s office.
The (Mandal Revenue Inspector) MRI assists
the MRO in conducting inquiries and inspections. He supervises the
Village Secretaries. He inspects crop fields (Azmoish), writes Sharas
(field inspection details) in Pahani, collects land revenue, non-agricultural
land assessment and other dues and keeps close watch on the villages
within his jurisdiction to maintain law and order,
Assistant Statistical Officer (ASO), who is under the overall control
of Chief Planning Officer at the District and Directorate of Economics
and Statistics at the State Level, maintains data related to rainfall,
crops and population. He conducts crop estimate tests. He inspects
crops to submit crop condition details. He prepares periodical reports
on births and deaths and assists the MRO in conduct of livestock
census, population census and other surveys taken up by the government
from time to time. MRO sends reports on above items to the District
collector. Later these are sent to the department of economics and
statistics and planning department at government level.
who belongs to the Survey
Settlement and Land Records Department, assists the MRO in survey
operations. Chain Man assists Mandal Surveyor in his duties.
per the administrative reforms the various sections in the MRO Office
Section A: Office
procedure and financial activities,
Section B: Land
Section C: Civil
Supplies, Pension Schemes etc.
D: Establishment, Natural Calamities,
Section E: Issue
of Caste, income, nativity etc; certificates.
Earlier Patwaries/ Karnams ran the Village Level administration
up to 1981 and later Village administrative Officers who was a part
time functionary looked after revenue functions. He was responsible
to revenue hierarchy. But in 2001 as a part of strengthening Local
bodies Panchayat Secretaries were created combining the revenue
and Panchayat functions. There are 21943 Panchayats in Andhra Pradesh.
They are under the administrative control of Gram Panchayats but
are also responsible to Revenue Department for revenue functions.
Kamadars or Village Servants assists the Village Panchayat Secretaries.
The number of Village servants varies depending upon the area, population
and irrigation sources of the village. The entire village is divided
among the Village Servants for convenient administration. Village
Servants provide complete information about their areas in all aspects.