Revenue Department-Organization


                 In the organization of Revenue Department the apex body of administration is the head office of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration at State Level. But the core administration is carried out at Districts that have direct interface with public. For administrative convenience the District is divided into Sub Divisions, which are further divided into Mandals that have jurisdiction over a few villages. The present set up of revenue administration consists of the following hierarchy of Officials.

                Chief Commissionerate at State Level

                Collectorates at District Level.

                Divisional Officers at Revenue Divisional Level.

                Mandal Revenue Officers at Mandal Level.

                Panchayat Secretaries at Village Level.

At the Mandal level the Mandal Development Officer (MDO) takes care of the development activities.


                Consequent on the abolition of the erstwhile Board of Revenue, the functional Commissioners of Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Commissioner of Land Reforms & Urban Land Ceiling were created. Subsequently they were replaced. In their place, the post of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration was created in GO MS No: 59 Revenue (DA) Dated 21.01.1999.

               The Chief Commissioner of Land Administration (CCLA) is the chief controlling authority for the revenue administration consisting of Revenue, Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Urban Land Ceiling Departments. He exercises statutory functions and general superintendence over all his subordinates. In the case of Survey, Settlement & Land Records and Urban Land Ceiling Departments he has a supervisory and statutory role. The concerned Commissioner and the Special Officer deal the routine administration respectively. He is the link between the Government and the administration. He monitors and guides the District Collectors and advises the Government in all the policy matters.

                The post of Commissioner Appeals is created to share some of the responsibilities of Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. Further one judicial officer in the rank of Commissioner Legal Affairs has been newly created to give his legal advice wherever necessary.

   In carrying out the different functions 3 Principal Officers in I.A.S Cadre .ie Secretary to CCLA, Joint Secretary to CCLA, AND Project Director (CMRO) Project, assist the Chief Commissioner of land Administration. In the year 2003 another Officer in the cadre of IAS, designated as Special Commissioner was appointed to assist the Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. So the subjects are divided among these 4 Officers. Further 6 Assistant Secretaries in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy Collectors and 6 Additional Assistant Secretaries in the cadre of Deputy Collectors drawn from Commissionerate services assist them. The Assistant Secretaries are in charge of different subjects as per their work distribution. Each Assistant Secretary/ Additional Assistant Secretary looks after 3 to 5 sections. A Superintendent heads each section. 4 to 6 Assistants and a typist assist him.


           The Collectorates play a pivotal role in the District administration. There are 23 Collectorates in the State. A Collector in the Cadre of I.A.S heads the District. He acts as the District Magistrate for maintaining Law and Order in his jurisdiction. He deals mainly with planning and development, law and order, scheduled areas/agency areas, general elections, arms licensing etc.

  The Joint Collector who also belongs to the I.A.S Cadre runs the Revenue administration under various enactments in the District. He is also designated as Additional District Magistrate. He mainly deals with civil supplies, land matters, mines and minerals, village officers etc.

  The District Revenue Officer (DRO) in the Cadre of Special Grade Deputy Collectors assists the Collector and Joint Collector in discharging their duties. The District Revenue Officer looks after all the branches of the Collectorate. He deals mainly with general administration and is vested with supervision of day-to-day functions of the Collectorate.

 The administrative Officer in the rank of a Tahsildar is the general assistant to the Collector. He directly supervises all the sections in the Collectorate and most of the files are routed through him.

 The Collectorate is divided into 8 sections as per the administrative reforms taken up by the Government of Andhra Pradesh. An alphabet letter is given to each section for easy reference.

Section A: Deals with Establishment and Office Procedures.

Section B: Deals with Accounts and audit.

Section C: Deals with Magisterial (Court/Legal) matters.

Section D: Deals with Land Revenue and relief.

Section E: Deals with Land Administration.

Section F: Deals with Land Reforms.

Section G: Deals with Land Acquisition.

Section H: Deals with Protocol, Elections and Residuary work.


               Each District is divided into Sub divisions for administrative convenience. A Sub division is headed by a Revenue Divisional Officer in the rank of a Deputy Collector or a Sub – Collector in Cadre of IAS. He is the Sub Divisional Magistrate having jurisdiction over his division. An administrative Officer in the Cadre of a Tahsildar assists in administration. The Sub divisional Offices are a replica of Collectorate in the matter of number of sections and they act as intermediary in the administrative setup. There are 81 divisionsin Andhra Pradesh. Each division consists of a few Mandals whose performance is constantly monitored by the concerned Divisional Office.


                 There are 1128 Mandals in the state, each Mandal having population ranging from 35,000 to 50,000 people. The Mandals have been formed in Andhra Pradesh to bring administration to the doorsteps of Citizens and make all the public services easily available to them. Earlier the Taluks had huge jurisdiction and were divided into Firkas. This 5 tier district administrative system was unviable for delivering speedy Citizen Services. So against 305 Taluks and 1084 Firkas, 1106 Mandals were formed in 1985. Subsequently 20 more Mandals were added at different intervals of time. So at present we have a 4 tier district administrative set up with the Mandal playing an important role in administration at the grass root level. At present there are 1127 Mandals in Andhra Pradesh.

                 A gazetted Mandal Revenue Officer (MRO) heads the Mandals. The MRO is vested with the same powers and functions of Tahsildars of erstwhile Taluks including magisterial powers. Mandal Revenue Officer heads the Mandal Revenue Office. MRO provides the interface between the government and public within his jurisdiction. He initiates welfare measures within his jurisdiction. The MRO assists the higher authorities in collecting information and conducting inquiries. He provides feedback to the district administration that helps in decision-making at higher levels of administration.

                The Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent, Mandal Revenue Inspector, Superintendent, Mandal Surveyor, Assistant Statistical Officer and Other Ministerial Staff.

                The Deputy Tahsildar/ Superintendent supervises the day today functions of MRO’s office and deals mainly with general administration. Most of the files are routed through him. He monitors all the sections in the MRO’s office.

                The (Mandal Revenue Inspector) MRI assists the MRO in conducting inquiries and inspections. He supervises the Village Secretaries. He inspects crop fields (Azmoish), writes Sharas (field inspection details) in Pahani, collects land revenue, non-agricultural land assessment and other dues and keeps close watch on the villages within his jurisdiction to maintain law and order,

              The Assistant Statistical Officer (ASO), who is under the overall control of Chief Planning Officer at the District and Directorate of Economics and Statistics at the State Level, maintains data related to rainfall, crops and population. He conducts crop estimate tests. He inspects crops to submit crop condition details. He prepares periodical reports on births and deaths and assists the MRO in conduct of livestock census, population census and other surveys taken up by the government from time to time. MRO sends reports on above items to the District collector. Later these are sent to the department of economics and statistics and planning department at government level.

                The Mandal Surveyor, who belongs to the Survey Settlement and Land Records Department, assists the MRO in survey operations. Chain Man assists Mandal Surveyor in his duties.

                  As per the administrative reforms the various sections in the MRO Office are:

      Section A: Office procedure and financial activities,

      Section B: Land Related activities,

      Section C: Civil Supplies, Pension Schemes etc.

      Section D: Establishment, Natural Calamities,

      Section E: Issue of Caste, income, nativity etc; certificates.


                  Earlier Patwaries/ Karnams ran the Village Level administration up to 1981 and later Village administrative Officers who was a part time functionary looked after revenue functions. He was responsible to revenue hierarchy. But in 2001 as a part of strengthening Local bodies Panchayat Secretaries were created combining the revenue and Panchayat functions. There are 21943 Panchayats in Andhra Pradesh. They are under the administrative control of Gram Panchayats but are also responsible to Revenue Department for revenue functions. Kamadars or Village Servants assists the Village Panchayat Secretaries. The number of Village servants varies depending upon the area, population and irrigation sources of the village. The entire village is divided among the Village Servants for convenient administration. Village Servants provide complete information about their areas in all aspects.