An Inam is a gift of land or land revenue. The origin
of the Inam can be traced back to the times of Hindu, Mohammadan periods of
rule. Parcels of lands were granted by the Hindu and Mohammadan Rulers to persons
for services rendered by such persons or the services to be rendered by such
persons in future.
Inams are of different kinds as detailed hereunder.
Service Inams :- A service inam is an inam granted to a person or persons
burdening them with certain condition of service viz., Washerman Inam,
Potters Inam, Carpenter's Inam etc.,
Enfranchised Inam :- An enfranchised inam is one where the holder of which
is relived from the conditions of service subject to payment of quitrent on
the lands. He will have all the privileges of a ryotwari holder. Quitrent
payable on such enfranchised inam lands is usually 1/4th or 1/8th or sum such
fraction of the full assessment payable on the land.
Major Inams :- A major inam consists of a whole village or a major
portion of the village granted as an inam and confirmed as such by the Inam
Minor Inams :- A minor inam consists of a small extent of land of
about five or ten acres of land granted as a inam and confirmed or recongnised
by the Inam Commissioner.
Darmila Inams :- A Darmila Inam is an inam of Post-settlement origin
i.e., the land granted by the land holder of an estate subsequent to the
permanent settlement in 1802. Darmila Inams are of two categorics viz.,
1) those which are in personal service of the land
2) those which are intended for service to the village
Village Artizan Inams :- Village Artizan Inam are inams granted by the State
for the services to be rend ered to the village community by the barbers,
Carpenters, Black Smiths, Washermen, Potters, Purohits and other Artizans.
The Dasabandham Inams: - A Dasabandham Inam is a grant of land or revenue as a
compensation for the construction of a tank, channel or well. If it is an
assignment of revenue it is called Shamiltat Dasabandham.
Whole Inams :- A Whole Inam village is a village granted as an inam
and includes Agraharams held entirely free of land tax or on an favourable
quitrent and such inams will be dealt with same principals as prescribed for
The Inams (A&C into R) Act, 1956
The Act provides to abolish the inam tenure of lands
and convert them into ryotwari lands. It applies to pre-settlement inam
lands, both major and minor inams where a grant in inam has been made,
confirmed or recognised by Government, not being an Estate. It also applies
to post settlement minor inams coming under the purview of Sec.17(1) (b) of
the E.A. Act. 48.
The preliminary enquiry u/s 3 empowers the M.R.O either
suomotu or on application to determine
(1) whether a particular land is an inam land
(ii) whether such inam land is in a ryotwari, zamindari or inam
(iii) whether such inam land is held by an institution.
In granting ryotwari pattas, the provisions of Sec. 4
shall be followed (ie) in the case of an inam land in a ryotwari or zamindari
village, the person or institution holding such land as inamdar shall be
entitled to a ryotwari patta. In the case of an inam land in an inam village,
if the land is held by an institution, it shall be entitled to a ryotwari
If such land is held by an Inamdar on the date of
commencement of the Act, he shall be entitled to a ryotwari patta for 1/3rd share
of land and the tenant declared to be in occupation of the land on 7-1-48
shall be entitled to a ryotwari patta for the 2/3rd share of the land. If
there is no such declared tenant the inamdar shall be entitled to a ryotwari
patta for the entire land. If such land is held by an inamdar other than an
institution on the date of commencement of the Act, but is in the occupation
of a tenant on the said date, the tenant who is declared to be in the
occupation of that land on 7-1-48 shall be entitled to a ryotwari patta for
2/3rd share of that land and the inamdar shall be entitled to a ryotwari
patta for the remaining 1/3rd share thereof, and if there is no such declared
tenant, the tenant in the occupation of the land on the date of commencement
of this Act, shall be entitled to ryotwari patta for 2/3rds of that land and
the inamdar shall be entitled to a ryotwari patta for the remaining 1/3rd
In the case of inam land held by an institution in an
inam village, the tenant who is declared to be in occupation of an inam land
as on 7-1-1948 under Sec.5 or if there is no such tenant
the tenant in occupation of the land on the date of commencement of this Act,
shall have a right of permanent occupancy in the land and the said right
shall be heritable and also shall be transferable by sale, gift or otherwise
subject to the condition that he shall not be a defaulter for more than sixty
days when the rent becomes payable and he shall not use the land otherwise to
make it unfit for agricultural purpose impairing its value materially
(Sec.8). Who ever infringes the above conditions is liable for eviction
according to the procedure prescribed in Sec.9.
Through an Amendment Act which came into effect on
26-6-75, all communal lands and porambokes in inam land stand transferred to
and vest in Government free of all encumbrances (Sec.2-A)
As per G.O.Ms.No.77, Revenue, Dt.22-1-68, the power to discharge
the functions under the Act was delegated to the D.R.O's in Andhra areas.
In the telangana areas
MRO conducts preliminary enquiry and sends the same to
the RDO for approval. The RDO is the
sanctioning authority. Inamdar has to pay an amount as prescribed in the
concerned Treasury and submit the receipt of the same to the RDO. The RDO
will issue a patta certificate directly to the Inamdar and a copy will be
sent to the MRO. All the related records are maintained in the RDO Office. Based
on the copy of the patta certificate, the change of type
ownership is incorporated in the Amendment Register. As the Inam lands are
treated as normal patta lands, they are saleable.
Against the orders of the M.R.O./ or Special
Dy.Tahsildar (Inams) an appeal shall lie to the R.D.O within sixty days of
such order. (Sec7(2)) An appeal against the decision u/s 3 (1) on the above
three aspects shall lie to the R.D.O within sixty days. After becoming final,
such decision in Form-II shall be published in the District Gazette. The
enquiry for granting ryotwari pattas is then taken up u/s 7 after giving a
notice in Form-V to all persons or institutions interested.
The Commissioner of Appeals, office of the Chief
Commissioner of Land administration has powers of revision of any proceedings
of the M.R.O. or the R.D.O either suo moto or on application without any limit
of time (Sec.7 and 14-A).
APPLICATION OF THE I.A.ACT TO INAM LANDS IN RYOTWARI OR
ZAMINDARI VILLAGES :
An Inamdar other than an institution, of any
unenfrachaised Inam has sold or otherwise transferred his interest in the
Inam land held by him, the transferee, who has acquired the said interest who
is in possession of such land on the date of commencement, shall be deemed to
be the Inamdar for the purpose of the Act.
(Section 10-A and 10-B of I.A. Act).